All medications should be taken strictly as prescribed by Doctors, both in terms of dose and regimen and as regards to your diet during treatment.Below there is a list of 9 drugs and food pairings that should not be taken together. Read on, and be healthy!
They are prescribed to treat and prevent heart and kidney disorders
Drugs: captopril, enalapril, ramipril.
Food Restricted: potassium-rich foods.
Antihypertensives increase the levels of potassium in our blood, which can lead to arrhythmia and dyspnea. That’s why you should cut out bananas, potatoes, soy, and spinach for the treatment period.
They are prescribed for bacterial infections
Drugs: tetracycline (and other drugs of this line), ciprofloxacin, penicillin.
Food Restricted: dairy products.
Above mentioned antibiotics can leads to a sharp decrease in the drug’s efficacy.
They are prescribed for asthma, bronchitis, and other lung diseases
Drugs: theophylline, albuterol.
Food Restricted : food and drinks containing caffeine.
Above mentioned drugs can stimulate the nervous system, to avoid excess nervousness and anxiety you should cut out caffeine for the duration of treatment. Be more careful with theophylline, as caffeine sharply increases its toxicity. You should also minimize fatty foods in your diet because it raises bioavailability of theophylline, which may cause an overdose.
They are prescribed for treatment and prevention of heart failure
Food Restricted: licorice.
Licorice, or liquorice, contains glycyrrhizic acid that interacts with digoxin and can cause heartbeat disorder or even cardiac arrest. This substance is also present in sweets, cakes, and other confectioneries. Licorice is often contained in beer as well.
Dietary fibers decrease the efficacy of the drug, so it’s best to take them 2 hours before or after a meal. Herbs like senna or St. John’s wort also lower digoxin’s activity.
They are prescribed to treat and prevent blood clots
Food Restricted: blood-thinning food and foods rich in vitamin K.
While taking Blood thinners, you should minimize consumption of cranberry, garlic, ginger, and certain spices (cayenne pepper, cinnamon, and turmeric). These foods thin your blood and in combination with warfarin and can cause bleeding.Vitamin K, on the other hand, reduces the drug’s potency. It’s abundant in spinach,turnips, cabbage, and broccoli.
They are prescribed for hypothyreosis — decreased thyroid gland function
Food Restricted: soy, chestnut, fiber.
While taking levothyroxine and its equivalents (Euthyrox, Bagothyrox, L-thyroxine) people should restrict soy and foods made from it as this plant blocks absorption of the drug. Chestnuts and fiber-rich foods have similar effects.
They are prescribed for inflammations, muscle pains, and headaches
Food Restricted: soft drinks.
Ibuprofen is incompatible with sweet soft drinks.Carbon dioxide and acid contained within fizzy drinks increase the absorption of the drug and raise its blood concentration. As a result, the dose can’t be controlled, and a risk of toxicity arises which is dangerous for the kidneys.
They are prescribed for prolonged depression
Drugs: all MAO inhibitors (tranylcypromine, phenelzine, nialamide).
Food Restricted: tyramine rich foods.
This class of drugs contain a monoamine oxidase inhibitor that interacts with tyramine and can cause a critical increase in Blood pressure. Tyramine is an amino acid that is formed during the aging of protein-rich foods. It is abundant in aged cheese, meat or fish jerky, dry sausages, and canned meat or fish.
Drugs lowering the levels of “bad” cholesterol
They are prescribed for obesity, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disorders
Drugs: atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin, simvastatin, rosuvastatin, pravastatin.
Food Restricted: grapefruit.
Grapefruit causes a sharp increase of drug absorption that raises the risk of overdose and side effects. Thus, the potency of just 1 tablet taken with grapefruit juice equals the effect of twenty tablets taken with water. The same goes for other citrus fruits like pomelo, lime, or bigarade.